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I have laid out here a general description of when fees will apply to the naturopathic medicine services I provide to you. I have also described the many payment options available to you. Should you have any questions about the information provided here, please do not hesitate to call me at 612-250-2804 or to reach out to me via email.



Service Fees
Service fees apply for consultation services in person, over the phone and by email and are due at the time of service. Charges are based on actual appointment time. There is no charge for phone calls or emails regarding questions pertaining to recommendations that I have previously made. However, if an email or phone call requires several minutes of my time, discusses new health concerns, or requires me to document new recommendations, service fees will apply.

Laboratory Fees
Fees for laboratory testing are due when the order for the testing is placed.

If I order laboratory tests, the appointment scheduled to discuss the laboratory results is a follow-up visit and service fees will apply. Please note that for every hour we spend together going over your results, I have already spent 1-2 hours putting together all aspects of your medical history in relation to these results to create a comprehensive plan for your health. In doing this, it minimizes the time that we take to review the results and discuss a treatment plan, reducing cost to you.

Supplement or Product Purchases
Fees for products or supplements are due at the time of purchase.


Payment Options

Types of Payment Accepted
I accept cash, check, debit and credit cards, including FSA & HSA cards and checks.

Insurance Coverage
Insurance companies do not cover naturopathic consultation services, laboratory orders or supplements in the state of Minnesota.

Health Savings Account
I will provide you with an itemized receipt and a medical necessity letter, if needed, that you may submit to your Health Savings Account (HSA) for reimbursement. I accept checks from HSAs and can charge HSA cards for services, labs and recommended supplements.

Consultations, laboratory testing and prescribed supplements are allowed on HSA programs as tax-free medical expenses.